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Tax Change - Extenders Have Been Extended Again

There were a few tax issues included in the budget act that President Trump signed December 20, 2019. The following "extenders" have been extended retroactive to January 1, 2018 (yes, January 1, 2018) and now have an expiration date of December 31, 2020. We are not providing explanations of these individual items since they have existed for many years and the only change is to make them available for a longer period of time.

The medical base remains at 7.5% instead of 10%. (This was already 7.5% for 2018 returns.)
Deductions for mortgage insurance premiums as qualified residence interest.
Deduction for tuition and related expenses.
Nonbusiness Energy Property Credit (ie,. insulation, storm doors/windows, etc.)
Exclusion from income of the debt cancellation that is acquisition indebtedness on the taxpayer's principal residence of up to $2,000,000.
Depreciable life of certain race horses as 3-year property.
Depreciable life of Motorsports entertainment complexes of 7-year property.
Accelerated Depreciation for business property on Indian Reservations.
Energy Efficient Homes Credit (aka Builders Credit).
Qualified Fuel Cell Motor Vehicles Credit.
Alternative Fuel Refueling Property Credit.
2-Wheeled Plug-in Electric Vehicle Credit.
Black Lung Disability Trust Fund Excise Tax.
Indian Employment Credit.
Railroad Track Maintenance Credit.
Mine Rescue Team Training Credit.
Various incentives for Empowerment Zone Activities.
Economic Development Credit for American Samoa.
Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Credit.
Second Generation Biofuel Producer Credit.
Electricity Produced from Certain Renewable Resource Credit.
Indian Coal Facilities Credit.
Special Allowance for Second Generation Biofuel Plant Property.
Energy Efficient Commercial Buildings Deduction.
Special Rule for Sales or Excise Tax Credits relating to alternative fuels.
Extension and Clarification of Excise Tax Credits relating to alternative fuels.
Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund Rate.

The following "extenders" were scheduled to expire at the end of 2019 and have now been extended through 2020.

New Markets Credit.
Employer Credit for Paid Family & Medical Leave.
Work Opportunity Credit.
Certain Provisions Related to beer, Wine, and Distilled Spirits.
Look-thru Rule for Related Controlled Foreign Corporations.
Credit for health insurance costs of Eligible Individuals.

On the government side, the IRS is now required to revise all applicable forms and schedules (and programming) to take into account the items that were extended for 2019. We would not be surprised if the IRS delays the ability to file tax returns due to this late action by Congress. Further, the IRS is required to revise forms and schedules (and programming) for 2018 to take these into account. On the taxpayer side, taxpayers will have to decide if it is worth it to amend their 2018 returns including digging out their documentation for the applicable items. Most taxpayers use a tax professional to prepare their returns; therefore, the amended returns will come with a fee. However, these "extenders" now run through December 31, 2020, which means taxpayers will have an incentive to do something during 2020.